What is EMI? – 2 Easy method to calculate EMI

What is EMI?

(What is EMI, Components of EMIs, how its works, Factors affecting EMI, EMI Calculation, calculation formula, types of loan rates of interest)

It is wiser to go for a mortgage to satisfy massive monetary bills, comparable to marriage, residence renovation, or any emergency expense, moderately than to deplete your hard-earned financial savings. Applying for a mortgage from a financial institution or lending establishment additionally brings you the comfort of repaying it over a time period through common installments, often known as equated month-to-month installments (EMIs). For instance, shopping for a house entails vital funding, and choosing a house mortgage, offers you the benefit of not simply availing of assorted tax advantages but additionally the pliability of paying EMIs.

In an age of rising inflation, the power of EMIs permits you to stay stress-free, because it eliminates the burden of creating lump-sum funds for big purchases and as an alternative, eases issues by letting you realize the precise quantity to be paid commonly without burning a gap in your pocket.

What is EMI?

EMIs are necessary, as they will help finance something, from a smartphone to a whole condo. Here is what it’s best to find out about them. Despite its evident advantages, many individuals nonetheless don’t regard the EMI cost technique. It is quite shocking as EMIs have been around for years and are actively advocated by monetary establishments. This article will allow you to grasp an excellent idea of EMIs.

Along with the principal, a rate of curiosity and tenor, a standard time period related to any mortgage – house, private, or enterprise – is EMI. When you avail of a mortgage for any goal, you need to repay it by means of equated month-to-month installments, higher generally known as EMIs.

“An equated monthly installment (EMI) is a set month-to-month fee supplied by a borrower to a creditor on a set day, every month. EMIs apply to each curiosity and principal every month, and the mortgage is paid off in full over some years.”

“An EMI is actually a set amount of cash that you must frequently pay your lender with the purpose to repay the mortgage. This cash is normally paid month-to-month on a set date, both by way of a cheque or online payment.”

“An equated monthly installment (EMI) refers back to the fastened amount of cash that you just pay to a financial institution or lender, as a part of the reimbursement in the direction of an impressive mortgage inside a specified time interval.”

“An equated monthly installment (EMI) is a fixed payment amount made by a borrower to a lender at a specified date each calendar month.”

Components of EMIs

EMIs have two elements – principal and interest.


An EMI has two elements – principal compensation and interest. During the preliminary years, a good portion of the EMI consists of the interest amount. However, in the direction of the top of mortgage tenure, the principal quantity constitutes a significant part of the EMI cost and the interest value types a relatively decrease quantity.

Initially, the interest amount is greater than the principal. As the mortgage tenor progresses, the interest amount reduces whereas the principal amount goes up. However, with versatile loans from Bajaj Finserv, you’ll be able to solely pay the curiosity element as EMI, with the choice of paying the principal on the finish of the tenor. This reduces your EMIs drastically.

Moreover, with pre-approved affords on varied loans reminiscent of dwelling loans, enterprise loans, and private loans amongst others from Bajaj Finserv, availing of finance is a hassle-free affair. All you need to do is present some primary particulars and you will get your pre-approved provide.

How an Equated Monthly Installment (EMI) Works

EMIs differ from variable fee plans, by which the borrower will pay larger quantities at his or her discretion. In EMI plans debtors are often solely allowed one fastened fee quantity every month.

We have discovered the means of an EMI, however, allow us to now study the way it works. Flexible fee preparations, by which the borrower would possibly pay larger sums of his or her selection, should not the identical to EMIs. Borrowers on EMI applications are often solely allowed to make one set fee monthly. Borrowers revenue from an EMI since they know precisely how a lot of cash they should pay in the direction of their mortgage every month, making private monetary planning simpler. Lenders profit from the mortgage curiosity, because it supplies a constant and predictable stream of earnings.

The advantage of an EMI for debtors is that they know exactly how a lot of cash they might want to pay towards their mortgage every month, which might make private budgeting simpler. The profit to lenders (or buyers the mortgage is bought) is that they’ll rely on a gradual, predictable earnings stream from the mortgage curiosity.

Factors affecting EMI

There are 3 main elements that have an effect on your EMIs:

Factor Affecting EMIs

Loan amount: It is the quantity you borrow and is the first issue that decides your EMI. The increased the mortgage quantity, the larger is the EMI.

It is the unique mortgage quantity that a person borrows from the financial institution or lender. It is the foremost issue, primarily based on which the EMI quantity is set. If the principal quantity is larger, the EMI will enhance.

Interest rate: The curiosity price in your mortgage is one other important issue affecting the EMIs. EMIs are instantly proportional to the rate of interest. Lenders calculate the curiosity primarily based on a number of elements like your revenue, reimbursement capability, credit score historical past, prevailing market scenario, and so on.

 It refers back to the rate of interest that banks or monetary establishments cost for mortgage compensation. The price is arrived at, primarily based on numerous calculations and assessments of the borrower’s credit score profile.

Tenor: This is the third issue that impacts your EMI. Longer tenors typically imply decreased EMIs and vice versa. However, longer tenors additionally imply a better curiosity outgo.

The tenure of the mortgage refers back to the interval inside which your complete mortgage, together with the curiosity, must be repaid by the borrower. If the tenure is longer, it implies that you’ll have to pay extra curiosity to the financial institution or lender.

How is EMI calculated?

There are two methods through which EMI could be calculated. These strategies are:

The Flat Rate Method

When the mortgage quantity is progressively being repaid, every curiosity cost is computed utilizing the unique principal quantity within the flat price technique. The EMI is set by including the entire mortgage principal and complete curiosity to the principal, then dividing the whole by the variety of EMI installments, which is the time within the mortgage time period.

The flat price technique is in style on private loans and auto loans. Borrowers profit much less since curiosity funds should cowl your complete principal quantity, leading to the next efficient rate of interest than the reducing-balance technique.

In this technique, the principal mortgage quantity and the curiosity on the principal are added. The sum is then divided by the mortgage tenure, then multiplied by the variety of months in a yr.

Example of Flat Rate EMI

Assume you might have a house mortgage of ₹10, 00,000, which is the principal mortgage quantity, at an interest rate of 8% for 10 years. Your EMI utilizing the flat-rate technique is calculated as follows:

(₹10, 00,000 + (₹10, 00,000 x 10 x 0.08)) / (10 x 12)

The EMI quantity is ₹15,000

The Reducing Balance Method

The decreasing stability method, in comparison with the flat price technique, determines the curiosity cost in accordance with the excellent principle. It signifies that every EMI’s curiosity and principal funds elements alter. Interest funds make up a bigger element of the EMI at the beginning of the mortgage time period, as a proportion of the excellent mortgage.

The Interest rate decreases because the mortgage is repaid over time, and a bigger proportion of the funds go towards principal repayments. The reducing-balance technique is commonly employed on residence mortgages, bank cards, and overdraft providers.

The method to calculate EMI utilizing the decreasing steadiness technique is as follows:

(P x I) x ((1 + r)n)/ (t x ((1 + r)n)- 1)

P is the principal quantity borrowed, I is the rate of interest (annual), r is the periodic month-to-month rate of interest, n is the full variety of month-to-month funds, and t is the variety of months in a yr.

Example of Reducing Balance EMI

Let’s maintain the identical instance for calculating the EMI utilizing the decreasing steadiness technique.

((₹10, 00,000 x (0.08)) x (1 + (0.08 / 12)) 120) / (12 x (1 + (0.08/12)) 120 – 1).

The EMI quantity is ₹12,133

The EMI quantity in decreasing steadiness is decrease than within the flat fee technique. In the EMI flat fee calculation, the principal mortgage quantity is fixed all through the mortgage tenure. On the opposite hand, within the decreasing steadiness technique, the EMI is calculated on the month-to-month decreased principal. This means that decreasing steadiness could also be an extra cost-friendly possibility for debtors.

Equated Monthly Installment (EMI) Calculation Formula

The EMI flat-rate method is calculated by including collectively the principal mortgage quantity and the curiosity on the principal and dividing the end result by the variety of durations multiplied by the variety of months.

The EMI reducing-balance technique is calculated utilizing this method.

EMI = P * [( r * (1 + r)^n)) / ((1 + r)^n – 1)]


P = Princiapl amount borrowed

r = Periodic month-to-month rate of interest

n = Total variety of month-to-month funds

What are the types of loan rates of interest?

Loan rates of interest are of the next varieties:

  • Fixed rate of interest: Here, the rate of interest stays unchanged all through the mortgage tenure. Hence, the mortgage EMI stays identical. Usually, fastened rates of interest are increased than present floating rates of interest by 1% to 2%. However, because the rate of interest doesn’t differ, you should have transparent thoughts about your future EMI funds.
  • In this kind, the rate of interest stays identical all through the tenure of the mortgage. Hence, the EMI stays identical. Typically, fastened rates of interest are 1% to 2% increased than floating rates of interest. Since the rate of interest doesn’t change, the advantage of a set rate of interest is that you’ve got a transparent thought about your future EMIs till your mortgage is paid off.
  • Floating or variable rate of interest: In the case of floating rates of interest, the rate of interest might be topic to vary, relying available on the market developments. It is predicated on the bottom charge supplied by the lending establishment. Thus, the rates of interest mechanically change if the bottom charge varies.
  • In this kind, the rate of interest is topic to vary relying available on the market developments. Since the floating rate of interest is predicated on the bottom charge supplied by the lending establishments, it modifications mechanically when the bottom charge is modifications.


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