(Define Landscape, landscaping, Landscape gardening, Ornamental Gardening, General guidelines for Landscaping, Garden elements and designs)
Define Landscape ppt
Definition of LANDSCAPING
Table of Contents
Landscape: A landscape is also defined as any space, either huge or little, on that it’s potential or fascinating to mould a view or a style
Define Landscape gardening
It is an Art and Science of decoration of a tract of land with ornamental plants and other garden materials so as to produce a picturesque and naturalistic effect.
The naturally existing features like undulations, terraces as well as plain surfaces are used to give a natural effect.
It may be described as the application of garden forms, methods and materials with a view to improving the landscape. The art of designing is known as “Landscape Architecture,” although the older term “Landscape gardening” is also popular.
Define Ornamental Gardens
In planning a garden, several factors like the size of the house, the space available for the garden, availability of water, the cost of laying the garden and its maintenance, have to be taken into consideration.
A garden is planned primarily to suit the tastes of the people of the household and locality. There is no rigid system in garden planning and each system is open to modification to suit the environment and other factors.
Important considerations of gardening
- A garden needs to be one’s own creation and not an imitation, giving due thought to the native atmosphere.
- Overcrowding of the plants should be avoided.
- Take advantage of natural topography while designing a garden
- A perfect harmony of different components is the essence of landscape gardening.
- Before coming up with a design one should make sure for what purpose the garden is – utility or beauty or each.
General guidelines for Landscaping
- Avoid undue complexity and go with simplicity.
- Add variety to an extent that unity is achieved.
- Use long paths such as curvaceous or zigzag and different objects according to colour scheme to break the monotony.
- Keep the natural grade of land and demand of landscape in mind.
- Incorporate landscape plants as well as trees as per their landscape value and utility.
- Attempting an excessive amount in a little place should be avoided.
- The design allocated to each area should be functional and convenient access.
- Thus, it is of utmost importance to have the knowledge of the principles and elements of landscaping
Principles of Gardening
- Initial Approach
- Focal Point
- Mass effect
- Divisional Lines
- Proportion and Scale
- Light and Time
- Tone and Colour
Garden elements and designs
Major elements: Plants and Water
Minor elements: Stones, Bricks, Tiles, Metal, Grass, Plastic and Wood
Other elements: Light, Sound, Aroma, Touch, Food, Amusement items